Things to do in Prague
Prague crossed by the Vltava, is a city with an ancient, sumptuous, romantic and nostalgic charm. It is a cultural center with a glorious past. Prague, the hearth of the Czech Republic, was the capital of Bohemia and the Holy Roman Empire. Prague, called "the city of a thousand towers and a thousand steeples", is famous for its Old Town square, the heart of its historic center, where colorful baroque buildings, Gothic churches, and a medieval astronomical clock come to life every hour. Today, six million visitors choose Prague for their holidays. It is the most favorite destination among tourists in Eastern Europe. The town counts the most varied collections of world architecture, from Art Nouveau to Baroque, from Cubism to Gothic, from Neo-classical to Ultramodern. A tour of the city should start from the historic center with its narrow streets, a Unesco World Heritage Site since 1992. The Old Town Square is at its heart, surrounded by magnificent buildings, cafes, shops, and galleries. Dominating the square are the Gothic spires of the Church of Our Lady before Tyn. Completed in 1402, the Charles Bridge, pedestrian, is lined with statues of Catholic saints.
The Prague Castle
, built in the 9th century on the hill which oversee the city, is an absolute landmark for the travelers visiting Prague, in Czech Republic. The castle of Prague was built by the Premysl dynasty and, later, it became the center of the Roman-German Empire. Today, Prague Castle is used as the presidency office.
Prague Old Town
is the historical and traditional city center of the city of Prague. It includes the Old Town Square, main square of the city, the most vibrant point in Prague with its size of 1.7 hectares, in which the famous Astronomical clock stands. The Old Town is most trafficated district of the city, with many tourists all year long. A nice way to discover the city center is through one of the many free walking tours.
The Astronomical Clock
is located in the heart of the city, Old Town. Being the third oldest clock in the world and still working, the Astronomical Clock is a masterpiece of engineering. The legend about the creator of the clock is also interesting: after having built the clock, the master Hanuš has been blinded, so that he could not repeat his work in another city. As a revenge, master Hanuš suicided by jumping inside the gears of the Astronomical Clock, permanently damaging the functioning of the clock with his body. Since master Hanuš was the only person to know how the clock was working, it took more than a century to understand the design and restore the clock.
Terezin Concentration Camp
The Terezín concentration camp
, more precisely named Theresienstadt concentration camp, located near the city of Terezín, between Prague or Dresden, became sadly famous during the second world war, when the camp was used by the Nazi for the segragation of the Jewish people. Inside Terezin concentration camp, tens of thousands of Jewish and political opposer to the Nazi regim died, killed by malnutrition, diseases or by SS soldiers.
, meaning “King’s Bath”, is one of the small cities in the Czech Republic. With its 55.000 population, Karlovy Vary is the most renowned hot spring city in the world. That’s why plenty of famous people in the history such as Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, Beethoven, Tolstoy, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk visited the city. Since it is possible to reach Karlovy Vary from Prague by driving for about 1.5 hours, there are many day tours departing from Prague.
The Josefov, the Jewish Quarter
of Prague, is one of the most significative district of the city. The Jewish quarter is the walled-off area where Jewish people used to live for 500 years. During the empire of Joseph II, after he made changes in the rules regarding Jewish people, there have been people who deserted the district. Anežský Klášter and Staronová Synagoga are the most important landmarks of the Jewish Quarter.
, a city located in the Central Bohemian Region, used to be famous for its silver mines. This is why, in the past, the Czech king had decided to move the capital of the country to this city, and the city became one the wealthiest city in Europe. The St. Barbara Cathedral is the main landmark of the city. Sedlec is a suburb of Kutná Hora, in which the Sedlec Abbey can be visited. Inside the abbey, located beneath the Cemetery Church of All Saints, travellers can visit the Sedlec Ossuary. Since 1995, the city center of Kutná Hora and Sedlec Abbey have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list. Kutná Hora can be reached with day tours departing from Prague, which included Sedlec Abbey and Sedlec Ossuary.
The Bohemian Switzerland
, also known as Czech Switzerland, is an enormous national park. There are plenty of roads to be walked and many things to be seen inside. The bohemian and saxon switzerland national park is perfect for hiking, trekking, mountain biking and landscape photography. The national park can be reached on a day excursion from Prague.
is a peaceful town located 180 km south from Prague. In Cesky Krumlov, where the remains of middle age are everywhere, time loses its meaning and draws you into the past. Český Krumlov Castle is the most important monument of the city. Since 1992, the historical center Český Krumlov has been added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.