The Berlengas archipelago
is a group of islands, 10 to 15 kilometers away from the Portuguese coast, west of the town of Peniche. These islands were traditionally known to British navigators as "the Burlings". The only livable island is the largest island, Berlenga Grande, although there is no continual habitation there, at present. The other islands are merged into two groups of islets, the Estelas Islets, and the Farilhões-Forcados Islets. The Berlengas can be reached with tours departing daily from Lisbon.
One of the real highlights of the Berlengas is the Archipelago of the Berlengas Nature Reserve. The islands in general are attractive for exploration, especially Berlenga Grande, the largest of the three. The landscape in general is amazing with plenty of marine life that can be seen in the clear seas; it is a snorkeler’s dream although you can take a glass-bottomed boat to see much of the same things as well as reach marine caves. The birdlife on the islands is also impressive although it is largely the gulls you will see and hear. You can hike the trails if you have the energy because the hills are steep. There is an old fort, Sao Joao Baptista to explore as well. Outside the summer months, tours are not guaranteed as the seas can start to get rough in late autumn and remain so for several months until summer beckons.